Cather uses Flaubert's Salammbo as an illustration as she talks about the way in which a writer can approach a theme set in a "long-vanished" society.
In Willa Cather Remembered, George Seibel is quoted:" . . . We ploughed through our adored Flaubert. Madam Bovary wasn't so hard, but La Tentation de Saint Antoine and Salammbo proved most refractory until I discovered that a Latin lexicon and classical dictionary were more help than Littre."